Bachelor's Degree Examination for Self-Education (BDES) makes it possible to obtain a bachelor's degree without
attending a regular college or university by passing the examination administered by the government.
Bachelor's Degree Examination for Self-Education (BDES) was established for people who cannot afford an educational
opportunity for higher education for various reasons such as financial constraint or time limitation.
The Constitution of the Republic of Korea states the government should promote lifelong education. To actualize this, "The Law of Bachelor’s Degree Examination for Self-Education" was established on the 7th of April in 1990.
Applicants can get the bachelor’s degree after passing four Qualifying Examinations of Liberal-Arts, Major-Basic,
Major-Advanced, and Comprehensive.
2008, February 15, Transfer of control to National Institute for Lifelong Education(NILE) according to "The amendment of
the Lifelong Education Act"